Tag Archive for elderly

Merry Christmas! Happy Hanukkah! Happy Kwanza! Happy HOLIDAYS!

untitled (5)

Merry Christmas! Happy Hanukkah! Happy Kwanza! Happy HOLIDAYS!

At Elderly Care Resources, we’re here for you. Provide you information and links to things that may be of some help for you, especially if you’re a care giver, or an elderly person. It’s amazing how difficult things can be to navigate, especially when it comes to insurance and medical issues. We hope your holidays have been wonderful, and you’ve given as much love as you’ve received!

As some of you know, we write a lot about issues we have dealt with, or are currently dealing with. With the recent beating of the Matriarch of our family, you will notice an increase of posts about elderly abuse and violence, how to spot it happening, and how to stop it before something bad happens. We’ll cover nursing homes and medication policies, and how without notice, your family member may be put on heavy medications without your knowledge, or their own personal consent. If you are a blogger, and blog about anything just mentioned, please contact our page and consider becoming a guest blogger! We’d love to have your post!

Be safe this holiday season. Pay attention to phone scams, and anyone paying too much attention to your home. If you’ve ordered packages, try to be home when they are to be delivered to avoid package theft from your very own porch. Don’t answer knocks on your door at night. Get a life alert, or similar police dispatching button. Please lock your doors ALL the time. Don’t leave your keys in your unlocked car, in your unlocked garage. Don’t talk about the money that’s in your purse with anyone.

Have a SAFE & WONDERFUL holiday season!! Merry Christmas!

Robin Williams: All Our Hearts are Broken


Robin Williams: All our Hearts are Broken


By now you’ve surely heard the news about Mork, Peter Pan, the Genie, Captain, and Mrs. Doubtfire. Yesterday we were eating dinner, and in the last seconds of the world news, I thought I lost my mind. I could’ve sworn I heard them say “Robin Williams found dead after apparent suicide, his rep reports.” My mouth fell open, and I immediately caught myself looking to my children sitting around me. Their mouths fell open, and one said so innocently, “Mrs. Doubtfire died?” I swallowed the growing lump in my throat.

It’s amazing how some actors and actresses can really get into your head, and heart. After so many award winning, best role playing movies, the just sort of become part of your life. Maybe it’s the movie messages that you like, or the deep depths of characters that they are able to play effortlessly. Regardless of why you liked them, it’s more than obvious today just how many lives Robin Williams touched. All age groups, all around the world.

What were your favorite Robin Williams movies?

What Dreams May Come     51hY7fLx3-L._SL75_


Dead Poet’s Society  51rCfcJQjNL._SL75_

Mork & Mindy  51HNXTDJB6L._SL75_

Mrs. Doubtfire  51QvwAcIt6L._SL75_

Jack 41PF2V1DBDL._SL75_

Patch Adams  51XKANA+vEL._SL75_

Jumanji 51X3JZK2QXL._SL75_

Hook  51xvJ6-MWOL._SL75_

Good Morning, Vietnam 51BXFQJNB4L._SL75_

Whatever your favorite movie was, whoever the celebrity is that hits your heart… please remember that if you’re facing the black depths of depression, reach out to anyone. Whether it be a stranger, professional, or family member, please let someone know where you head is. Whatever your age, it can happen. It can creep in, and fester. You’re never alone in this world…there’s always someone there to listen.

Not only was Robin Williams a fabulous actor and person, he was also a huge fundraiser in the Scleroderma world, often partnering with fellow comedians, like Bob Saget, to raise money around the world for research of this autoimmune killer. It’s hard to fathom who will be able to step in and fill those shoes, but I am hopeful someone at least tries.

“But only in their dreams can men be truly free, ‘Twas always thus, and always thus will be.”


World Scleroderma Day!! What do You Know About this Disease?


World Scleroderma Day!! What do you know about this disease?


Many of our readers deal with Systemic Scleroderma on their skin, in patches around their legs, hips, and joints. Many of your hands are inflamed, sore, and taught. Many of you just wish for some relief, minus the piles of pills, heating pads, and ice packs. Minus the breathing machines, chemo meds, and insomnia.

On World Scleroderma Day, it’s everyone’s chance to help spread the word on this autoimmune disease. One of the worst in the list of diseases, this hardens your body often from the inside out, or vice versa- from the outside in. Normally there is no rhyme or reason. Something triggers inside your body, and your body begins attacking its own organs. Over and over. Relentlessly. The only way to stop the attacks are to take massive amounts of steroids, chemo, or other immune suppressants to control the flares. Sometimes those meds cause a whole other list of issues that sometimes, don’t feel necessary to go through.

This blog post is from our friend, Author Skye Falcon. She deals with Scleroderma, and often writes about the tribulations and trials that life throws in her way. She asks for people to help spread the word about this, “excuse the humor…..very HARD disease.” Check out her post.

Please take a moment to like this blog, or share it, if you know someone who has, or is going through, a fight with an autoimmune disease. Comment with the disease that’s stealing days away from your friends or loved ones. Let’s spread the word on all the diseases, and get more accessible endocrine and genetic testing! Consider using this icon on your social media pages to show your support!!


My Black Heart & Your Personal Safety.

th (38)

My Black Heart & Your Personal Safety.


Last night, our entire family’s personal safety was thrown up in arms getting word that my grandmother had been brutally beaten in a home invasion. Worse news, it was someone that she knew. To quote my uncle, who summed it up well, “My heart is black.” I sit, over and over, thinking about every aspect of this, and bottom line is, people are freaking insane. You can’t predict crazy, but we’ve all got to do more to prevent it from spreading. My heart is black because I can’t understand how someone could so this to an innocent 80 year old woman. My heart is black because of the dark thoughts of harm, vengeance, and true justice that I so badly crave. My heart is black because I know, deep down inside, she’s never going to be the same again.

My head throbs from the constant thought of way she looked last night, and how there was nothing I could do to make this better. Her spirits were calmer than mine, even taking a second to say that my “doctoring skills” wouldn’t fix this one. (That’s a long running thing. See, I use to “doctor” my Grandpa with shaving cream, toothpaste, Band-Aids, fake scalpels, etc.) He stalked her in her house, watching in the dark, waiting for the perfect time to pounce. He took away more from her than he’ll ever have the brain capacity to understand… He took that away from all of us.

It’s is now that I remind you, IMPLORE you, to make sure your elderly relatives, friends, and neighbors are safe. Advise them to keep their doors locked, and to call 911 when anything seems off. Talk to them about the myriad of “emergency buttons” available now, and some are even FREE to those who qualify. Make sure that they understand the latest threats: Identity theft, phone scams, manipulation.

As I get ready to pack up, to head to the hospital for her first of many surgeries…. (swallows real hard) I’ll do anything I can to help her adjust to life after violence, and help her regain herself. All the while trying not to lose myself in the deep, dark emotions.



New Indiana Law Requires POST Documentation


New Indiana Law Requires POST Documentation

There is always confusion about DNRs, and who should, or shouldn’t be resuscitated. Each doctor’s office, or hospital, now require a separate copy of your wishes, signed by a multitude of people, with extra hoops to jump through. In fact, this process is getting closer and closer to being as difficult as taxes are, and dealing with the IRS. For someone who simply wants to make sure that their own wishes are followed at their end of life, State’s sure do not make the process an easy one. Depending on your State will depend on which forms you need, and where to submit them to. In our experience, every place that your loved one MAY be seen needs to have their DNR on file, POA, and if in Indiana, the POST form. Below you’ll find information about the newly adopted POST form laws.
As of July 2013, Indiana’s Physician Orders for Scope of Treatment (POST) legislation was signed in, and took effect. While POST is not a living will, this form does allow each individual to make specific decisions and interventions about their medical care. Being signed by both the patient and the doctor, this document helps make one’s wishes actionable.
POST is not for everyone, or otherwise healthy people. This form is for patients who are chronically ill, with progressive frailty, those with terminal conditions caused by injury, disease or illness from which there can be no real recovery, or death will occur at some near future point. Those patients with conditions where resuscitation may be unsuccessful, where cardiac or pulmonary failure is present; or those patients with a life expectancy of six months or less.
These forms do have different parts, and don’t be afraid to ask your doctor’s office to help you fill them out. If any patient is unable to make their own decisions, or sign for themselves, a legal representative must sign. This form IS NOT complete until it HAS BEEN SIGNED by the PHYSICIAN.

Downloadable/Printable POST form for INDIANA residents

For more information, or list of the complete laws surrounding the POST forms and law, please visit the in.gov website, and follow their links!

Resources Used: Indiana State web site (linked above)

Personal, Home & Phone Safety in 2014


Personal, Home & Phone Safety in 2014

Although we have touched on the topics of safety in previous years, we must revisit this topic frequently with our elderly relatives and seniors we may know. Why must we do this? Because our world is constantly changing, and it is no longer the 1950s, where leaving your front door unlocked was the norm. Because thieves thrive on technology, and via phone calls, more than mail scams. Because neighbors are no longer always friendly, trust worthy individuals. Regardless of the reasoning, it just has to be done.
If you’ve ever thought about how you cannot be around your loved ones as much as you’d like, or worried that the distance between you may be a problem in the event of an illness, or medical issue, you should consider having extra care for these individuals in place. Checking out the Senior Care Solutions at Care.com may be what you’re looking for.
Find Quality In-home Care for Seniors

Phone Safety
Nowadays, it’s easy to have a phone with caller ID. They even make telephone now that will speak to you who is calling, so there is no guessing as to who it is. Scam artists are still calling the elderly, and posing as grandchildren, lost in another country needing funds to return home. They’re preying on the emotion of one of the most giving, and trusting age groups in America. This is exactly why they do it. Most of the time their calls come through as “unavailable” or “unknown.”
We always encouraged our elderly relatives to NOT ANSWER at all if they do not know the number on caller ID, or the name showing on the phone. They may protest, and say it could be important. It is this point that I would implore that you get them an answering machine, so that they can be reassured that anyone important will leave a message, and they can call right back.
This is important because people are still getting swindled out of thousands of dollars each year, and with cuts in Medicare and Medicaid, and the trouble with Social Security—elderly folks and seniors need to hold tight to their money plans, and not veer off course.

Home Safety
Home safety is an important thing that many families do for their relatives, but sometimes forget about the total picture. OF course, you’re probably readying the house for your loved one. Grab bars, slip resistant rugs and pads, life-saving alarms and buttons, emergency phone lists, and more. However, you also need to check the structure’s safety, too. Ensuring that locks are working on all exterior doors, and batteries in fire alarms are working. Make sure that outdoor lighting is working, and think about motion lights that come on automatically with movement outside.
Things like this are necessary in making your loved one feel more secure, and also for your own peace of mind. You’ll know that Aunt Betty is safer with working locks, and that she can see outside in her front and back yard if there is movement or motion. You know she’ll have her list of numbers, and know who to call if there is an emergency.


It’s often the simple things that we may forget, or just not think of, that can cause unneeded stress and strife for both your elderly relative, and yourself. Making sure there are extra batteries for flashlights, a plan for emergencies if the power goes out, and what you’re going to do to reassure your relative they are okay after turmoil.

2013 Helpful Product Reviews #1


2013 Helpful Product Reviews #1


While there are many products on the market geared towards seniors and the elderly, man of those are just plain silly, or ineffective. Some have even found to be completely unsafe. Below you’ll find some products reviewed by our local “panels” on their effectiveness and worth. Hopefully these will be helpful to you, too!


West Bend Egg and Muffin Toaster

Conveniently toasts 4 pieces of toast, and poaches two eggs simultaneously, on the counter top. There are a multitude of settings for toast, muffins, or bagels, and you always have the option of only cooking toast, or eggs. Retails from $50-60 dollars, and is available from many places. Click on the link above to find out the specs from Amazon.com.



Jitterbug Cell Phone

With the features on the cell phone, and the ease of dialing and hearing capabilities, this has rested many worried minds of the family and friends of seniors and the elderly! Customer service also has high ratings, and the monthly plans are very affordable! Phones are available in different colors. Retails from $40-100, depending on style, and service plan. To get all the details, click on the link above to visit Amazon.com!



Hamilton Beach Automatic Jar Opener

The Hamilton Beach Automatic Jar Opener is simple to use, and makes getting those tough lids off a snap!! Works especially well for those with arthritis, and unable to fully squeeze the top like normal to untwist the seal. Retails for $10-20, depending on where you get it from. Click the link above to visit Amazon.com for the latest info on this fabulous product!



Drive Medical Four Wheel Rollator with Basket

There’s going to come a time where you just don’t trust your knees. Or maybe for you, it’s your hips. Or possibly both! Rather than being unsure of your next steps, this walker will be there for support, and the time out to sit down for awhile, whenever you need it! It’s more than convenient being that it is foldable, too. The basket is removable, if at times you may not need it. While you can use these to push someone in, it is not always recommended. Cracks in the pavement and sudden inclines, or inclement weather, can cause the Rollator to tip over when being used as a chair or seat. This is NOT something that should deter you from this quality walker/seat, however. This is just something to remember so you don’t make the same mistakes that we did!! These retail from $40-300, depending on the style and brand you purchase. Click the link above to read the rave comments on Amazon.com!


To check out more great products, visit Amazon.com!!


Reaching Out with Social Media for the Elderly Introvert


There’s nothing wrong with reaching out for help when you need it, or when a loved one is in need. There’s nothing wrong with needing more mental support from unknown friends via the internet. There’s nothing wrong with not liking to be in groups of people, or “getting together” in person. For some people, mainly introverts, sometimes the easiest way we can be interactive, and get our social fill is by hanging out on the internet. Maybe in our social groups, or on site’s that deal with the issues we’ve got. And this is also the type of person my Grandma is, too. (Maybe that’s why we get along so well?!) She’s not a fan of big groups of people, or new people, at all. She likes to stay in her own element, in her own surroundings, and not be out late. None of these things are a problem, as long as you know how to ensure your loved one is still getting their social, and other needs met.


Here you’ll find some lovely links to different pages, web sites, and other. Many of them do have chat forums available, and discussion boards to have questions answered, and many other things. Check some of them out!



On Facebook:

Support the Elderly: https://www.facebook.com/SupportOldAge

American Diabetes Association: https://www.facebook.com/AmericanDiabetesAssociation

Humana: https://www.facebook.com/Humana?ref=ts&fref=ts

Medicare Made Clear: https://www.facebook.com/medicaremadeclear?ref=ts&fref=ts

AARP: https://www.facebook.com/AARP?ref=ts&fref=ts

(AARP also offers APP for Android and IPhones that connects you to the AARP Community!!)



www.seniorsite.com     This site has a myriad of chat rooms, discussions, information, freebies, and more!!



For Caregivers, support links:

http://www.aging-parents-and-elder-care.com/Pages/SupportGroup.html  This site offers a place for caregivers to go to vent, learn, and relax with others dealing with the same issues!!


Resources Used:



Elderly Oral Care Information


 Elderly Oral Care Information

In all the care giving, appointments, trips, and favors… Oral care always seems to be the thing that’s left out!! There are many things that involve the mouth that people may not think of off the bat. Good oral hygiene doesn’t just give you a pretty, white smile! The care you provide to your teeth and gums really does affect the overall health of ones body! Having an oral infection for long, or any infection for that matter, will eventually equal bacteria in your blood stream, and worse. Don’t neglect your mouth! Check out the information below on oral health, tips, and what to do when it gets bad!~


*Gum Disease
Gum disease begins when plaque builds up along and under the gum line. This plaque causes infections that hurt the gum and bone that hold teeth in place. Sometimes gum disease makes your gums tender and more likely to bleed. This problem, called gingivitis, can often be fixed by daily brushing and flossing.
A more severe form of gum disease, called periodontitis, needs to be treated by a dentist. If not treated, this infection can ruin the bones, gums, and other tissues that support your teeth. Over time, your teeth may have to be removed.
To prevent gum disease:
*Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
*Floss once a day.
*Visit your dentist regularly for a checkup and cleaning.
*Eat a well-balanced diet.
*Quit smoking. Smoking increases your risk for gum disease


*Tooth Decay
Teeth are covered in a hard, outer coating called enamel. Every day, a thin film of bacteria called dental plaque builds up on your teeth. The bacteria in plaque produce acids that can begin to harm enamel. Over time, the acids can cause a hole in the enamel. This hole is called a cavity. Brushing and flossing your teeth can protect you from decay, but once a cavity happens, a dentist has to fix it.
You can protect your teeth from decay by using fluoride toothpaste. If you are at a higher risk for tooth decay (for example, if you have a dry mouth because of medicines you take), you might need more fluoride. Your dentist or dental hygienist may give you a fluoride treatment during an office visit. Or, the dentist may tell you to use a fluoride gel or mouth rinse at home.


*Cleaning your Teeth and Gums
There is a right way to brush and floss your teeth. Every day:
Gently brush your teeth on all sides with a soft-bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste.
Use small circular motions and short back-and-forth strokes.
Take the time to brush carefully and gently along the gum line.
Lightly brush your tongue to help keep your mouth clean.
People with arthritis or other conditions that limit hand motion may find it hard to hold and use a toothbrush. Some helpful ideas are:
*Use an electric or battery-operated toothbrush.
*Slide a bicycle grip or foam tube over the handle of the toothbrush.
*Buy a toothbrush with a larger handle.
*Attach the toothbrush handle to your hand with a wide elastic band.
*You also need to clean around your teeth with dental floss every day. Careful flossing will take off plaque and leftover food that a toothbrush can’t reach. Be sure to rinse after you floss.
*See your dentist if brushing or flossing causes your gums to bleed or hurts your mouth. If you have trouble flossing, a floss holder may help. Ask your dentist to show you the right way to floss.


*Dry Mouth
Dry mouth happens when you don’t have enough saliva, or spit, to keep your mouth wet. Many common medicines can cause dry mouth. That can make it hard to eat, swallow, taste, and even speak. Dry mouth can cause tooth decay and other infections of the mouth.
There are some things you can try that may help with dry mouth. Try sipping water or sugarless drinks. Don’t smoke and avoid alcohol and caffeine. Sugarless hard candy or sugarless gum may help. Your dentist or doctor might suggest that you use artificial saliva to keep your mouth wet. Or they may have other ideas on how to cope with dry mouth.


Sometimes, false teeth (dentures) are needed to replace badly damaged teeth. Partial dentures may be used to fill in one or more missing teeth. Dentures may feel strange at first. In the beginning, your dentist may want to see you often to make sure the dentures fit. Over time, your gums will change shape and your dentures may need to be adjusted or replaced. Be sure to let your dentist handle these adjustments.
When you are learning to eat with dentures, it may be easier if you:
*Start with soft, non-sticky food.
*Cut your food into small pieces.
*Chew slowly using both sides of your mouth.
*Be careful when wearing dentures because it may be harder for you to feel hot foods and drinks or notice bones in your mouth from your food.
*Keep your dentures clean and free from food that can cause stains, bad breath, or swollen gums. Brush them every day with a denture care product. *Take your dentures out of your mouth at night, and put them in water or a denture-cleansing liquid.

*Oral Cancer
Cancer of the mouth can grow in any part of the mouth or throat. It is more likely to happen in people over age 40. A dental checkup is a good time for your dentist to look for signs of oral cancer. Pain is not usually an early symptom of the disease. Treatment works best before the disease spreads. Even if you have lost all your natural teeth, you should still see your dentist for regular oral cancer exams.
You can lower your risk of getting oral cancer in a few ways:
*Do not use tobacco products—cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, pipes, or cigars.
*If you drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.
*Use lip balm with sunscreen.


*How to Find Low Cost Dental Care
Sometimes dental care can be costly. Medicare does not cover routine dental care. Very few states offer dental coverage under Medicaid. You may want to check out private dental insurance for older people. Make sure you are aware of the cost and what services are covered. The following resources may help you find low-cost dental care:
Some dental schools have clinics where students get experience treating patients at a reduced cost. Qualified dentists supervise the students. Visit www.ada.org for a list of U.S. dental schools.
Dental hygiene schools may offer supervised, low-cost care as part of the training experience for dental hygienists. See schools listed by State at www.adha.org.
Call your county or State health department to find dental clinics near you that charge based on your income.
Call 1-888-275-4772 (toll-free) to locate a community health center near you that offers dental services, or visit www.hrsa.gov (scroll down to “Find a Health Center”).

American Dental Association
211 East Chicago Avenue
Chicago, IL 60611-2678
1-800-621-8099 (toll-free)

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
National Oral Health Information Clearinghouse

National Institute on Aging
Information Center
P.O. Box 8057
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8057
1-800-222-2225 (toll-free)
1-800-222-4225 (TTY/toll-free)


Resources Used:

Indiana Elderly Abuse Numbers, Information, and What to Do to Protect your Loved Ones

Indiana Elderly Abuse Numbers, Information, and What to Do to Protect your Loved Ones

These days, it’s becoming harder and harder to find the bits of trust needed to leave loved ones. However, many times, the family has no choice and need some place or people to help provide elderly care. Nowadays, more times than not, elder care is ending badly, and in our court systems. There are cases across the country and throughout the world that show that any one from private home care, to nursing homes…even family members can be guilty of inflicting physical pain, and mental abuse on to our loved ones. This blog will cover things to watch for, what to do if you‘re afraid your loved one is being abused, and how to prevent this in the future.~


What the Facts tell us on Elder Abuse:
*Indiana’s elderly population in 2010 was 1,128,000.
*In 2010, the number of reported elder abuse cases was 5,961,568; which is 9.5% of the total elderly population in the United States.
*Most commonly, neglect is the highest form of abuse, being 58.5% of all reported cases.
*36% of nursing homes in the US have had reports of elderly abuse
*Elderly woman are 67% more likely to be abused than elderly men


Signs of Elderly Abuse:
These are the signs to watch for, according to the NCEA.

*Bedsores, unattended medical needs, poor hygiene, and unusual weight loss are indicators of possible neglect.
*Behavior such as belittling, threats, and other uses of power and control by spouses are indicators of verbal or emotional abuse.
*Strained or tense relationships, frequent arguments between the caregiver and elderly person are also signs.
*Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may be an indication of physical abuse, neglect, or mistreatment.
*Unexplained withdrawal from normal activities, a sudden change in alertness, and unusual depression may be indicators of emotional abuse.
*Bruises around the breasts or genital area can occur from sexual abuse.
*Sudden changes in financial situations may be the result of exploitation.

There are many other ways that the elderly can be abused, and taken advantage of, too. Keeping a close eye on prescription medications, especially pain medicines and certain other types of medicines commonly sold on the streets. Recently, some have been caught using elderly loved one’s needles for diabetes, and certain drugs for street use. Check out the brief story article here: http://www.whas11.com/news/indiana/Indiana-State-Police-Elderly-abuse-investigation-leads-to-drug-arrests-191673191.html


Where to get help:
Immediately report any signs of abuse to family members, and determine the most likely causes, and timeline of action to be taken. If signs are extreme, call 911 and report to the local authorities immediately. If you’re not comfortable reporting abuse in a nursing home environment, as you think that someone there may be the cause of said abuse, call the police, and make a police report. It is absolutely okay to step around the chain of command in these facilities to ensure that the proper steps are taken, and not simply covered up.
You can also check out this list of numbers by State. http://www.ncea.aoa.gov/ncearoot/Main_Site/Find_Help/State_Resources.aspx

Also, calling 1-800-677-1116 and speaking with the representatives who can point you in the right direction, get you the information you may need, and answer any questions you may have.

Federal Agencies Relating to Elder Abuse
National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA)- The National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA) serves as a national resource center dedicated to the prevention of elder mistreatment. To carry out its mission, the NCEA disseminates elder abuse information to professionals and the public, and provides technical assistance and training to states and to community-based organizations. The NCEA makes news and resources available on-line and an easy-to-use format; collaborates on research; provides training; identifies and provides information about promising practices and interventions; operates a list serve forum for professionals; and provides subject matter expertise on program and policy development. http://www.ncea.aoa.gov/NCEAroot/Main_Site/Index.aspx

Administration on Aging (AoA)- The mission of the AoA is to develop a comprehensive, coordinated and cost-effective system of home and community-based services that helps elderly individuals maintain their health and independence in their homes and communities.


Indiana Agencies Relating to Elder Abuse
Indiana Adult Protective Services (APS)- The Adult Protective Services Program was established to investigate reports and provide intervention and protection to vulnerable adults who are victims of abuse, neglect, or exploitation. APS field investigators operate out of the offices of county prosecutors throughout the state. http://www.in.gov/fssa/da/3479.htm
Indiana Department of Health, Long Term Care Division– The Division of Long Term Care consists of health care facilities (including nursing homes) licensing and certification programs. http://www.in.gov/isdh/
Indiana Family and Services Administration, Division of Aging and Rehabilitative Services– The Division of Aging establishes and monitors programs that serve the needs of Indiana seniors. The Division of Aging’s overarching vision is to re-define long-term care for consumers and providers. The Division of Aging focuses on home- and community-based services for the elderly and disabled and is also responsible for nursing home reimbursement policy and oversees the Residential Care Assistance Program. http://www.in.gov/fssa/2329.htm
Indiana Long Term Care Ombudsman Program- The Indiana Long Term Care Ombudsman Program is a federal and state funded program that provides advocacy and related services for consumers of congregate long term care services, regardless of age or payer source. Congregate settings include nursing facilities, residential care facilities, assisted living facilities, adult foster care homes and county operated residential care facilities. http://www.in.gov/fssa/da/3474.htm


**State and Federal Law on Elder Abuse**

Federal Older Americans Act (42 U.S.C. § 3001 et seq.)- provides definitions of elder abuse and authorizes the use of federal funds for the NCEA and for certain elder abuse awareness and coordination activities in states and local communities.

Indiana Adult Protective Services (Ind. Code, Title 12, Art. 10, Chpt. 3 )- Indiana is the only state in which adult protective service is a criminal justice function. Full time investigators operate out of 18 county Prosecutors offices state wide. This Indiana law protects “endangered adults” (a person at least 18 who is incapable of managing or directing management of property or self-care who is exposed to neglect, battery, or exploitation). The law requires all persons to report all cases of suspected Abuse, Neglect, or Exploitation to either the nearest APS office or to Law Enforcement if the person has “reason to believe” a particular person is an endangered adult. Failure to do so is a Class B misdemeanor punishably by up to $1,000 fine and 180 days in jail. This increases to a Class D felony if the proceeds involved are more than $10,000 and the endangered adult is at least 60 years of age.

Indiana Elder Justice Act (Title XI of the Social Security Act Section 1150B)- Requires employers of long-term care facilities that receive at least $10,000 in federal funds (Medicare and Medicaid payments) to report any “reasonable suspicion of a crime” involving the elderly. Facilities must notify all of their employees of the reporting obligation on an annual basis and post notices. The report must be filed within 24 hours or 2 hours if “serious bodily injury” is involved. An individual who fails to report can be fined up to $300,000 and the person may also be banned from working in a health care facility for up to 3 years.


Resources Used:
National Center on Elder Abuse
A o A- http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/AoA_Programs/Elder_Rights/index.aspx